Is any period before the middle ages. Within the period of when human history was noted and also prehistory. This refers to the Mediterranean countries like Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome. This time period occurred for roughly, 5,000 years. Classic Antiquity also known as antiquity is used to refer to or describe Ancient History, since the beginning of recorded Greek history began in 776 BC and the founding of Rome was approximately 753 BC. This is a significance because, Rome was one of the cities involved with Antiquity.