Mannerism Art and Architecture

Mannerism is a period of European art that emerged from the later years of the Italian High Renaissance around 1520 and lasted until about 1580 in Italy, when a more Baroque style began to replace it.
Mannerist compositions were full of clashing and vivid colours, strange composition, elongated limbs, (often torturous-looking) emotion and bizarre themes that combined Classicism, Christianity and mythology.
Mannerism is influenced by the harmonious ideals and restrained naturalism associated with artists such as Leonardo da Vinci, Raphael, and early Michelangelo. Mannerism is known for its intellectual sophistication as well as its artificial qualities.

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Mannerism in Art

Main characteristics of mannerist architecture consist of symmetry, geometry and proportion. Mannerist architects exploited other qualities of ancient Roman architecture like the extreme sophistication, complexity and novelty. Orderly arrangements of columns, pilasters and lintels, as well as the use of semicircular arches, hemispherical domes, niches and aedicules replaced the more complex proportional systems and irregular profiles of medieval buildings.

Most outstanding buildings of this time include the Tempietto, the Palazzo Fernese and the Palazzo Pandolfini. The three architects to design these were Donato Bramante, Antonio da Sangallo, Raphael Sanzio da Urbino.

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Palazzo Fernese

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Palazzo Pandolfini

Mannerism Architecture History

Kristen Rowe